Save Your Skin | Antioxidants | Inflammation | Oxidation
Antioxidants can save our skin. When our skin is exposed to things in the environment such as radiation from the sun and tobacco smoke our body produces free radical molecules. These molecules are also produced when our bodies break down food. We can slow down the effect that free radicals have on our bodies by using natural substances that provide protection against the effects of damaging free radicals on the cells in your body, including your skin.
Stress from oxidation inflammation can result from both normal and pathological reactions. Whatever the cause, both processes influence skin pigmentation and skin aging. Oxidation Skin pigmentation is greatly influenced by ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sun exposure. UV rays trigger the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) that may dangerously alter the DNA of skin cells. Since melanin pigments can act as reactive oxygen species scavengers, the skin response to UV exposure and reactive oxygen species challenge naturally involves the proliferation of melanocytes and the release of hormones and factors that stimulate melanogenesis.
Some Antioxidants through Cosmetic Solutions
Melanocytes themselves are especially sensitive to reactive oxygen species and prolonged excessive exposure quite often results in irregular pigmentation and may even cause the white patches on our skin. Numerous cosmetic ingredients have proven to be useful in supporting natural skin antioxidant defenses for better control of skin pigmentation. Here are some natural additives that work as antioxidants and help us keep our skin health and younger looking.
1. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an antioxidant present in the skin and found in various foods, such as vegetables, seeds and meat. By using products with Vitamin E, you can have younger looking skin. It does this by increasing collagen production which results in fine lines, wrinkles and age spots in the skin.
Another powerful antioxidant is Lycopene, which gives the color to red fruits and vegetables. Similar to Vitamin E, it promotes collagen production and reduces the DNA damage that leads to wrinkles. Since it is easily absorbed by the skin, it is effective to use skin products containing Lycopene.
3. Green Tea
The benefits of green tea on our skin is well developed in the research. Green Tea contains catechins, which are antioxidants that can clear skin cell damage and repair wrinkles, blemishes or other impurities. Green tea can reduce sun damage by reducing inflammation and tackling free radicals. When choosing a tea, its helpful to know that green tea has over five times the amount of catechins as black tea.
As an ingredient in anti-aging formulas, coffee berry prevents collagen damage, reduces wrinkles and protects the skin against damage. (9) It also has anti-inflammatory properties (10), which can lessen the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, leading to more youthful looking skin.
Resveratrol is found in grapes, nuts, fruits, and red wine. Separate studies have shown that resveratrol protects against UV skin damage when topically applied.
6. Grape Seed
Grape seed is extracted from vitis vinifera and is rich in proanthocyanidins, which belong to the flavonoid family. Proanthocyanidins are potent antioxidants with strong free radical scavenging activities. Grape seed extract has been shown to be an even stronger scavenger of free radicals than vitamins C and E.
Genistein is derived from soybeans with the capacity to inhibit UV-induced oxidative DNA damage. Genistein, either topically applied or orally supplemented, was shown to effectively protect human skin against UV skin damage.
Niacinamide (vitamin B3) is a powerful antioxidant that has shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory and depigmenting properties. It has also shown to improve the texture and tone of the skin, as well as reduce fine lines, wrinkles and hyperpigmentation.
9. Vitamin C
Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) is an essential nutrient that can only come from the healthy fruits and vegetables that contain it. Vitamin C is usually touted for its cold-fighting power, but it’s also under study for its impact on preventing and reversing aging skin.
It works in two ways: as an antioxidant, as well as a booster of collagen formation — both of which are important to preserving and maintaining skin’s youthful appearance. However, boosting your intake of vitamin C-rich foods does not appear to impact your skin to any measurable degree, so cosmetic companies are hard at work to study whether it can be absorbed through the skin directly via topical creams and lotions.
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